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Short-term effects of mitigation measures for the containment of the COVID-19 outbreak: an experience from Northern Italy

Publication date: 29/03/2020 – E&P Code: repo.epiprev.it/257
Authors: Giovenale Moirano,1 Maurizio Schmid,2 Francesco Barone-Adesi3

Abstract: In the last weeks several countries implemented mitigation measures in the attempt to curb the COVID-19 epidemic. While these interventions showed to be effective in Wuhan (China), it is not clear whether these results are directly applicable to other countries (1). We conducted a first evaluation of the effectiveness of such measures in a small Italian area, taking advantage of the fact that it introduced the mitigation measures two weeks ahead the rest of the country.

Following the detection of the first cases of COVID-19 in Lombardy, the Italian Government enforced different policies to contain the local outbreaks. On February 23rd, a total lockdown was issued for 10 municipalities in the Lodi Province (Lombardy Region), and the measures included:  a) strict home confinement to the entire population; b) closure of all the non-essential commercial activities; c) mobility restrictions related to the involved municipalities (2).

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